In 2003, I obtained my Ph.D. in Economics at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam with a thesis on the economics of technology diffusion and energy efficiency, based on research carried out at the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and the CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
Subsequently, I've been an associate research scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria, and a post-doctoral researcher at the Department of Spatial Economics of VU University Amsterdam.
In 2005 I interrupted my academic life to work in Mozambique as a consultant/energy economist for the Danish International Development Agency (Danida), based at the Ministry of Planning & Development and the Ministry of Energy of the Government of Mozambique.
In 2007 I returned to Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam where I worked at the Spatial Economics Department as assistant professor until early 2020.
During the 2011 spring semester I was assistant professor at the Department of Agricultural Economics of Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana (USA).
In 2020 I joined TNO as senior researcher at its unit Energy Transition Studies. Since 2023 I combine this with a part-time position as Associate Professor at the Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development of Utrecht University.