In 2020 I joined TNO as senior researcher at its unit Energy Transition Studies. Since 2023 I combine this with a part-time position as Associate Professor at Utrecht University - Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development.
Between 2007 and early 2020 I worked as assistant professor at the Spatial Economics Department of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
During the 2011 spring semester I was a visiting researcher at the Department of Agricultural Economics of Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana (USA).
In 2003, I obtained my Ph.D. in Economics at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam with a thesis on the economics of technology diffusion and energy efficiency, based on research carried out at the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and the CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
Subsequently, I've been an associate research scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria, and a post-doctoral researcher at the Department of Spatial Economics of VU University Amsterdam.
In 2005 I interrupted academic life to work for 2 years in Mozambique as a consultant/energy economist for the Danish International Development Agency (Danida), based at the Ministry of Planning & Development and the Ministry of Energy of the Government of Mozambique.